PreDiabetes

Coastal Medical Clinic - Myrtle Beach, SC.

Your hemoglobin A1C is at the high end of the range at 5.6% this test is a common blood test used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes and to later gauge how well you're managing your diabetes. The A1C test also goes by many other names, including glycated hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin, hemoglobin A1C and HbA1c. Unlike usual measures of blood sugar levels, the A1C test reflects your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. Specifically, the A1C test measures what percentage of your hemoglobin a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen is coated with sugar (glycated). The higher your A1C level, the poorer your blood sugar control. And the higher the A1C level, the higher your risk of diabetes complications.

In June 2009, an international committee composed of experts from the American Diabetes Association, the European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the International Diabetes Federation recommended that the A1C test be the primary test used to diagnose prediabetes, type 1 and type 2 diabetes. After a diabetes diagnosis, the A1C test is used to monitor your diabetes treatment plan. The A1C test measures your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. Unlike daily blood sugar monitoring, which only measures your blood sugar level at a point in time, the A1C test indicates how well your diabetes treatment plan is working overall.

For someone who doesn't have diabetes, a normal A1C level is about 5 percent although it can range from 4.5 to 6 percent. Someone who's had uncontrolled diabetes for a long time might have an A1C level as high as 25 percent. When the A1C test is used to diagnose diabetes, an A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates you have diabetes. Since your result is less than 6 you technically do not have prediabetes, but your fasting glucose level of 105 mg/dL indicates a high risk of developing diabetes.

Prediabetes is linked to your body's metabolism and to a condition called insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that helps control the amount of sugar in your bloodstream. Normally, your digestive system breaks down the foods you eat into sugar (glucose). Your blood carries the glucose to your body's tissues, where the cells use it as fuel. Glucose enters your cells with the help of insulin. In people with insulin resistance, cells don't respond normally to insulin, and glucose can't enter the cells as easily. Your body reacts by churning out more and more insulin to help glucose get into your cells. The result is higher than normal levels of insulin in your blood. This can eventually lead to diabetes when your body is unable to make enough insulin to control the blood glucose to the normal range. Increased insulin raises your triglyceride level and other blood fat levels. It also interferes with how your kidneys work, leading to higher blood pressure. These combined effects of insulin resistance put you at risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and other conditions.

Aggressive lifestyle changes, conditioning, exercise, hormone balance and the use of certain supplements will improve all of your pre-diabetes syndrome components.